Some-Full-Forms of Information Technology !!

kmsraj51 की कलम से…..
anniversary-1x

-A Message To All-

मत करो हतोत्साहित अपने शब्दों से ……आने वाली नयी पीढ़ी को ,
वो भी करेंगे कुछ ऐसा एक दिन…. जिसे देखेगा ज़माना ….पकड़ती हुई नयी सीढ़ी को ॥


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सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी के कुछ पूर्ण प्रपत्र

LLC – Logical Link Control

DIX – Digital, Intel and Xerox

CSMA/CD – Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection

MAU – Medium Attachment Unit

UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair

STP – Shielded Twisted Pair

FOIRL – Fiber Optic Inter-Repeater Link

MMF – Multimode Fiber

SMF – Single Mode Fiber

MTRJ – Mechanical Transfer Registered Jack

SFF – Small Form Factor

NRZ – Non Return to Zero

LC – Local Connector

ift

MSAU – Multi Station Access Unit

UDC – Universal Data Connector

IDC – IBM-type Data Connector

FDDI – Fiber Distributed Data Interface

ANSI – American National Standards Institute

NIC – Network Interface Card/Connector

LAN – Local Area Network

VLANs – Virtual Local Area Networks

MAN – Metropolitan Area Network

WAN – Wide Area Network

SAN – Storage Area Network

CAN – Campus Area Network

BAN – Branch Area Network

PAN – Personalized Area Network

SoAN – Solaris Area Network (This Network Using Setellite).

PING – Packet Internet Gopher

NetBIOS – Network Basic Input/output System

NetBEUI – NetBIOS Extended User Interface

MAC – Media Access Control

ICMP – Internet Control Message Protocol

ARP – Address Resolution Protocol

RARP – Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

TFTP – Trivial File Transfer Protocol

FTP – File Transfer Protocol

IGP – Interior Gateway Protocol

EGP – Exterior Gateway Protocol

BGP – Border Gateway Protocol

OSPF – Open Shortest Path First

SLIP – Serial Line Internet Protocol

OSI – Open Systems Interconnection

MTU – Maximum Transmission Unit

NFB – Number of Fragment Blocks

RD – Reported Distance

FD – Feasibility Distance

FC – Feasibility Condition

IKE – Internet Key Exchange

ESP – Encapsulating Security Payload

ISO – International Organization for Standardization

ATM – Asynchonous Transfer Mode

ASICs – Application-Specific Integrated Circuits

VRRP – Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol

APIPA – Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing

DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DNS – Domain Name System/Service, or Server

IP – Internet Protocol

TCP – Transmission Control Protocol

UDP – User Datagram Protocol

FTP – File Transfer Protocol

SFTP – Secure File Transfer Protocol

TFTP – Trivial File Transfer Protocol

SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

HTTPS – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure

POP3/IMAP4 – Post Office Protocol Version 3/ Internet Message Access

IT-3

Protocol Version 4

Telnet – TELNET

SSH – Secure Shell

ICMP – Internet Control Message Protocol

ARP – Address Resolution Protocol

RARP – Reserve Address Resolution Protocol

NTP – Network Time Protocol

NNTP – Network News Transport Protocol

SCP – Secure Copy Protocol

LDAP – Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

IGMP – Internet Group Multicast Protocol

LPR – Line Printer Remote

WINS – Windows Internet Naming System

NMS – Network Management System

MIB – Management Information Base

SMB – Server Messenger Block

CIFS – Common Internet File System

AFP – Apple Filing Protocol

NFS – Network File System

NCP – Netware Core Protocol

SAN – Storage Area Network

ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network

PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network

CIR – Committed Information Rate

MAC – Medium Access Control

AD – Active Directory

DC – Domain Controller

ADC – Additional Domain Controller

CDC – Child Domain Controller

NVT – Network Virtual Terminal

LLC – Logical Link Control

MAC – Media Access Control

DQDB – Distributed Queue Dual Bus

PAD – Packet Assembler Disassembler

PDU – Protocol Data Unit

DSAP – Destination Service Access Point

SSAP – Source Service Access Point

I-Frame – Information Frame

S-Frame – Supervisory Frame

U-Frame – Unnumbered Frame

ERD – Emergency Repair Disk

ASR – Automated System Recovery

CIDR – Classless Inter-Domain Routing

JFFNMS – Just For Fun Network Monitoring System

NMPs – Network Monitoring Platforms

NBMA – Non-Broadcast Multi-Access

RAS – Remote Access Services

PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol

SLIP – Serial Line Internet Protocol

PPPoE – Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet

PPTN – Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

VPN – Virtual Private Network

RDP – Remote Desktop Protocol

IT-1

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IPSec – Internet Protocol Security

L2TP – Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

SSL – Secure Sockets Layer

PAP – Password Authentication Protocol

CHAP – Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol

EAP – Extensible Authentication Protocol

RADIUS – Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

KDC – Key Distribution Center
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xDSL – Digital Subscriber Line

Broadband Cable (cable modem)

POTS/PSTN – Plain Old Telephone Service / Public Switched Telephone Network
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ICS – Internet Connection Sharing

CMTS – Cable Modem Termination System

WAP – Wireless Access Point

WEP – Wired Equivalent Privacy

WPA – Wi-Fi Protected Access

RFI – Radio Frequency Interference

AES – Advanced Encryption Standards

IrDA – Infrared Data Association

FHSS – Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum

IPX/SPX – Internetwork Packet Exchange / Sequence Packet Exchange
NSA – National Security Agency
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SE-Linux – Security Enhanced Linux

UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply

RAID – Redundant Array of Inexpensive(or Independent Disks)
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Note::-
यदि आपके पास Hindi में कोई article, inspirational story, Poetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है::- kmsraj51@yahoo.in . पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

((((((((((~)))))))))) https://kmsraj51.wordpress.com/ ((((((((((~))))))))))

mantra of success life !!

kmsraj51 की कलम से …..
anniversary-1x

“जीवन में सबसे कठिन दौर यह नहीं है जब कोई तुम्हें समझता नहीं है,
बल्कि यह तब होता है जब तुम अपने आप को नहीं समझ पाते “

ladali


“जीवन में हमेशा उड़ने की कोशिश कीजिए,
उड़ नहीं सकते तो भागने की कोशिश कीजिए,
भाग नहीं सकते तो चलने की कोशिश कीजिए,
चल नहीं सकते तो सरकने की कोशिश कीजिए,
क्योंकि सफलता उन्ही के हाथ लगती है,
जो निरंतर आगे बड़ने का प्रयत्न करते रहते है I”

“आज दुनिया में महान बनने की चाहत तो हर एक में है, पर पहले इन्सान बनना अक्सर लोग भूल जाते है”

“जिंदगी कितनी खुबसूरत है ये देखने के लिए हमें ज्यादा दूर जाने की जरुरत नहीं है, जहाँ हम अपनी आंखे खोल ले वहीँ हम इसे देख सकते है”

” बुरी संगत उस कोयले के समान है, जो गर्म हो तो हाथ को जला देता है और ठंडा हो तो काला कर देता है ”

” भलाई के काम में एक बूंद अहंकार की पड़ जाए तो वह बुराई में तबदील हो जाता है ”

” अक्सर लोग झूठी प्रशंसा के मोह जाल में फंस कर खुद को बर्बाद तो कर लेते है पर आलोचना सुनकर खुद को संभालना भूल जाते है ”

” दूसरों के दुख पर अपनी खुशी का निर्माण करने की कोशिश नहीं करनी चाहिए ”

” सफलता आपको मिलेगी या नहीं, यह केवल इस बात पर निर्भर करता है कि आप स्वयं सफलता के लिए कितने इच्छुक है “

Note::-
यदि आपके पास Hindi में कोई article, inspirational story, Poetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है::- kmsraj51@yahoo.in . पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

——————– —– https://kmsraj51.wordpress.com/ —– ——————

कम्प्यूटर की पुरानी सीडी के 25 CREATIVE USES !!

kmsraj51 की कलम से …..

3

घर में फालतू चीजें रखने से कचरा बढ़ता है, जिससे घर में नकारात्मक ऊर्जा आती है। इस नकारात्मक ऊर्जा से घर में वास्तु दोष होता है। चीजों के क्रिएटिव उपयोग से आप घर की फालतू चीजों को तो उपयोग में लाएंगे, साथ ही घर में वास्तु दोष का डर भी नहीं रहेगा।

आज के समय में कम्प्यूटर काफी लोगों की अनिवार्य आवश्यकता बन गया है। कम्प्यूटर वर्क करने वालों के लिए कुछ समय पहले तक डाटा सेव करने और डाटा कहीं और ले जाने के लिए सीडी मुख्य भूमिका निभाती थी, लेकिन आजकल ये काम पेनड्राइव से किया जाने लगा है। ऐसे में अधिकांश लोगों के लिए पुरानी सीडी बेकार हो गई हैं। यदि आपके पास भी कुछ पुरानी सीडी हैं तो यहां उनके लिए कुछ क्रिएटिव उपयोग बताए जा रहे हैं।

यहां पुरानी सीडी के जो उपयोग बताए जा रहे हैं, वे आप भी आसानी से अपना सकते हैं। इन उपायों से आपकी रचनात्मकता बढ़ेगी। आपके घर की सुंदरता के साथ ही सकारात्मक ऊर्जा में भी बढ़ोतरी होगी। वास्तु के अनुसार यदि घर में सुंदरता और सकारात्मक ऊर्जा रहती है तो परिवार के सदस्यों की सोच भी सकारात्मक होती है। अच्छी सोच के साथ किए गए कार्यों में सफलता मिलने की संभावनाएं काफी बढ़ जाती हैं।

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Note::-
यदि आपके पास Hindi में कोई article, inspirational story, Poetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है::- kmsraj51@yahoo.in . पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

——————– —– https://kmsraj51.wordpress.com/ —– ——————

Wi-Fi and Mobile Broadband !!

Happy Anniversary!
anniversary-1x09-March-2013 to 09-March-2014
https://kmsraj51.wordpress.com/


kmsraj51 की कलम से …..
PEN KMSRAJ51-PEN


Wi-Fi and Mobile Broadband – Component Guideline
Keep your laptop connected with the right wireless options
TECHNOLOGY

For a while now, Wi-Fi has been an inalienable right for notebook owners. But that’s not the end of the story when it comes to wireless connectivity. Aside from choosing between different standards of Wi-Fi, many users purchase mobile broadband subscriptions to get Internet access from the road. Read on to figure out just how much connectivity you need.

=> Types of Wi-Fi

Whether you buy a 10-inch net book or an 18-inch desktop replacement, your laptop will definitely have Wi-Fi. This means that, provided you’re located within range of a router (and know the password, if there is one), you can get online without the aid of an Ethernet cable.

The two main Wi-Fi standards today are 802.11n (wireless-N) and the older 802.11g (wireless-G). Many budget models still offer 802.11g as the base configuration option, but there are other low-cost notebooks, particularly preconfigured models designed for stores such as Best Buy, that have wireless-N.

802.11g supports speeds up to 54 Mbps. This is fine for everyday Internet use, such as checking e-mail and surfing the Web, because this is much faster than even the fastest broadband connection.

802.11n supports speeds over 100 Mbps. Unlike 802.11g, which runs only on the 2.4-GHz spectrum, 802.11n can run on either the 2.4-GHz or 5.0-GHz spectrum. This means it can work with dual-band routers, which reserve low-intensity tasks (such as e-mail) for the 2.4-GHz band, and higher-intensity ones (such as streaming HD video) for the 5.0-GHz band.

If your needs are basic and you want to cut every corner, you’ll likely be satisfied with 802.11g. But since 802.11n only costs around $25 more, you might want to consider upgrading to future-proof your notebook. If you’re interested in wirelessly streaming video, particularly high-def content, between devices in your home, 802.11n is a must.

Q. Do You Need Mobile Broadband?

Ans =>
Mobile broadband allows you to get online anywhere; it doesn’t matter if you happen to be near a router. If this sounds like the kind of Internet connection you’re used to getting on your smart phone, well, there’s a reason for that. Mobile broadband subscriptions are sold through the same carriers—AT&T, Sprint, Verizon Wireless, and, lately, T-Mobile—that operate cell phones (more later on the technology behind mobile broadband).
If you frequently need Internet connectivity outside of your home or office, you will have difficulty relying on your Wi-Fi card alone; free public Wi-Fi can be hard to come by, and you can’t always find a paid hotspot, either. On the other hand, mobile broadband connections are not as fast as Wi-Fi, and monthly subscription fees (typically $60 for 5GB per month) can be steep. So get mobile broadband only if you really need it.

– Choosing the Right Mobile Broadband Service

There are two major technologies propelling mobile broadband: Evolution Data-Optimized (EV-DO) and High Speed Packet Access (HSPA). Sprint and Verizon Wireless employ EV-DO; AT&T and T-Mobile, HSPA. Although the end user won’t notice much (if any) difference in upload and download speeds, they have different hardware structures, so an adapter made for one won’t work with another. No matter which provider you choose, you should expect speeds of 600 kbps to 1 Mbps for downloading and 500 to 700 Kbps for uploading.
The primary factors you should consider when choosing a mobile broadband provider are coverage, price, and contract terms. Look at coverage maps from the providers you’re considering and see if they match up with areas to which you frequently travel. To avoid overage charges, get a data plan that provides at least 5GB per month of transfer.
If you want the freedom to easily change between carriers, a relatively new technology called Gobi allows users the option of using either EV-DO- or HSPA-enabled mobile broadband cards. You’re most likely to find this offered in business notebooks (HP, for example, offers it in many of its SMB laptops). That’s good news for businesses that don’t want to commit to a carrier or piece of hardware for any specified length of time.

– Mobile Broadband Cards and Adapters

When you purchase mobile broadband, you need to decide what type of adapter you want: integrated (internal) or external. Each has its advantages.
Internal cards, which need to be installed by the manufacturer when the notebook is built, are convenient because they don’t stick out or use up one of your system’s ports. However, getting an internal card is more expensive than an external one, most notebooks aren’t available with integrated broadband cards, and if you get one you are locked into using one service provider on that notebook.
If you buy an external adapter, you can use it on any notebook in the world. You even have the liberty of unplugging it, and installing the software on another laptop—a useful scenario if you have primary and secondary PCs, or if there is more than one notebook in your household.
External adapters are available in ExpressCard or USB flash drive form factors. ExpressCard adapters don’t stick out as much, but many notebooks don’t support them, so USB is usually a better option.

Q. What is Mobile WiMAX and Do You Need it?

Ans =>
Whereas most mobile broadband options today run on the same 3G network as phones, the next generation of mobile broadband, called Mobile WiMAX, is already being rolled out. WiMAX, often dubbed 4G for short, boasts faster speeds than 3G: 3 to 6 Mbps, to be exact.
Right now, the service is only available in select cities, such as Baltimore and Las Vegas. But if you’re in those areas, you can buy a 2GB monthly pass for just $35, a significantly lower price than what you’d pay for a 3G card with a 5GB monthly allowance. Moreover, the penalty for exceeding that bandwidth cap is $10 per gigabyte, whereas it would be more than $50 if you went overboard with a 3G card. In our hands-on testing, we’ve been impressed with the swiftness of downloads, although not necessarily the upload speeds. For now, though, unless you live in a WiMAX-enabled city, it’s not an option.

Note::-
यदि आपके पास Hindi में कोई article, inspirational story, Poetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है::- kmsraj51@yahoo.in . पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

——————– —– https://kmsraj51.wordpress.com/ —– ——————